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Table of contents
- Strategic and Operational
- How Procter & Gamble is Thriving on Supply Chain Complexity
- Moving Towards Optimising Demand-led Learning
- Press | Company | Siemens
From Our Blog. I think with all the delicious fish I[ With all the buzz around digital transformation, someone peering in from outside supply chain may assume most businesses have already digitized essential tasks like inventory[ This line from the opening keynote got me thinking about the continuous evolution of markets and customer[ Anyone who has done demand planning knows it is extremely complex, with forecasting challenges and rapidly shifting consumer demand, often exacerbated by seasonality, new product[ With supply chain complexity increasing at an unprecedented rate, perhaps the biggest challenge for businesses is figuring out how to navigate this uncertainty to deliver[ Executive Briefs Inventory Optimization.
Executive Briefs Telecom Retail Distribution.
Strategic and Operational
Featured Resources Brochure Corporate Brochure. Success story Lennox. Promotions Planning Software Promotions Planning gives cross-functional teams the visibility to synchronize demand shaping campaigns and promotions with supply chain operations ensuring that inventory is in the right place to meet demand on a daily basis, right down to the store level. Production Planning Software Production Planning provides unparalleled visibility, insight and control of the entire production lifecycle to improve efficiency and quality control, and service demand.
Inventory Optimization Software Inventory Optimization factors in multiple planning variables and probabilities to generate an optimal multi-echelon inventory plan for every item in a portfolio to achieve target service levels.
How Procter & Gamble is Thriving on Supply Chain Complexity
Allocation and Replenishment Software Allocation and Replenishment automatically calculates optimal inventory levels for both existing and new items to create a phased, time-series plan that achieves target service levels even in the face of demand variability and distribution complexity. It accelerates time-to-value over a traditional implement and learn approach. This website uses technical, analytical and third-party cookies to ensure the best user experience and to collect information about the use of the website itself.
With sales in the tens of millions per year, the Chinese market for electric two-wheelers is hundreds of times larger than anywhere else in the world. These foot scooter schemes now operate in around cities in the United States, 30 in Europe, 7 in Asia and 6 in Australia and New Zealand. In freight transport, electric vehicles EVs were mostly deployed as light-commercial vehicles LCVs , which reached units in , up 80 from Medium truck sales were in the range of 1 in , mostly concentrated in China.
The number of EV chargers continued to rise in to an estimated 5. With the fast chargers for buses, by the end of there were about fast chargers installed globally. The global EV fleet consumed an estimated 58 terawatt-hours TWh of electricity in , similar to the total electricity demand of Switzerland in The global EV stock in emitted about 38 million tonnes of carbon-dioxide equivalent Mt CO2-eq on a well-to-wheel basis.
This compares to 78 Mt CO2-eq emissions that an equivalent internal combustion engine fleet would have emitted, leading to net savings from EV deployment of 40 Mt CO2-eq in There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Policy approaches to promote the deployment of EVs typically start with a vision statement and a set of targets.
An initial step is the adoption of electric vehicle and charging standards. Procurement programmes kick-start demand and stimulate automakers to increase the availability of EVs on the market, plus provide impetus for an initial roll out of publicly accessible charging infrastructure. Another useful policy measure is to provide economic incentives, particularly to bridge the cost gap between EVs and less expensive internal combustion engine ICE vehicles as well as to spur the early deployment of charging infrastructure.
Economic incentives are often coupled with other policy measures that increase the value proposition of EVs such as waivers to access restrictions, lower toll or parking fees which are often based on the better performance of EVs in terms of local air pollution. Measures that provide crucial incentives to scale up the availability of vehicles with low and zero tailpipe emissions include fuel economy standards, zero-emission vehicle mandates and the rise in the ambition of public procurement programmes.
Moving Towards Optimising Demand-led Learning
So far only observed in Norway, when the EV and charging infrastructure deployment evolves, some policy measures may need to be adjusted as the markets and infrastructure mature. One example is how fuel and vehicle taxes are adjusted and their contribution to government revenue. Front running countries such as those involved in the Electric Vehicles Initiative are already making progress from their initial phases of EV policy implementation e. Many of these countries have regulatory instruments in place and, to date, some advanced markets like Norway have started phasing out some aspects of their EV support policies Table 1.
All regions listed here have developed standards for chargers. Check mark indicates that the policy is set at national level. Building regulations refer to an obligation to install chargers or conduits to facilitate their future installation in new and renovated buildings. Incentives for chargers include direct investment and purchase incentives for both public and private charging. Growing momentum on the policy front is also emerging in other countries.
Key examples include Chile, which has one of the largest electric bus fleets in the world after China. New Zealand also has high ambitions and has adopted a transition to a net-zero emissions economy by Policies are crucial to ensure that electric mobility has positive impacts for flexibility in power systems. The use of EVs to provide flexibility services is a feature that has relevant implications to increase opportunities for the integration of variable renewable energy in the electricity generation mix and to reduce costs associated with the adaptation of the grid to increased EV uptake.
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This requires that power markets evolve in such a way as to include services e. The update of the European directive on common rules for the internal market in electricity, adopted in March by the European Parliament as part of the Clean Energy for All Europeans package, is an important milestone in this respect. Recent technology progress for battery storage in general has been boosted by high demand for batteries in consumer electronics. Structural elements indicate not only that continued cost reductions are likely, but that they are strongly linked to developments underway in the automotive sector, i.
This will lead to an increase in energy density and a decrease of battery costs, in combination with other developments e. Policy support has been extended to the development of manufacturing capacity for automotive batteries. This reflects the dynamic development of battery technologies and the importance of EVs to achieve further cost reductions in battery storage for a multitude of applications. It also recognises the strategic relevance that large-scale battery manufacturing can have for industrial development due to the relevance of its value chain in the clean energy transition.
In all regions, increasing attention is being given to solid state batteries. This is representative of the rapid pace of innovation in the automotive battery sector. In addition to optimised technical performance, innovation has a pivotal role in economic development. Strengthening capacities for innovation has played a central role in the growth dynamics of successful developing countries. Other developments to induce continued cost cuts include options to redesign vehicle manufacturing platforms to use simpler and innovative design architecture, taking advantage of the compact dimensions of electric motors and capitalising on the presence of much fewer moving parts in EVs than in ICE vehicles.
This is in line with a recent statement from Volkswagen concerning the development of a new vehicle manufacturing platform to achieve cost parity between EV and ICE vehicles. For example, instruments allowing real-time tracking of truck positioning to facilitate rightsizing of batteries. Close co-operation between manufacturers to design purpose-built EVs are not only relevant for freight transport, but also in order to meet range, passenger capacity and cargo space requirements for vehicles used in shared passenger fleets e.
Technology is progressing for chargers, partly because of increasing interest in EVs for heavy-duty applications primarily buses, but also trucks.
Standards have been developed for high-power chargers up to kilowatts [kW]. There is growing interest in mega-chargers that could charge at 1 megawatt MW or more e. The private sector is responding proactively to the EV-related policy signals and technology developments. Recently, German auto manufacturers such as Volkswagen announced ambitious plans to electrify the car market.
In , several truck manufacturers announced plans to increase electrification of their product lines. This adds to the already vast array of battery producers, which led to overcapacity in recent years, and confirms that major manufacturers have increased confidence in rising demand for battery cells, not least because major automakers such as BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen are looking to secure supply of automotive batteries. Utilities, charging point operators, charging hardware manufacturers and other stakeholders in the power sector are increasing investment in charging infrastructure.
This is taking place in a business climate that is increasingly showing signs of consolidation, with several acquisitions from utilities as well as major energy companies that traditionally focus on oil. This covers private charging at home, publicly accessible chargers at key destinations and workplaces, as well as fast chargers, especially on highways.
Press | Company | Siemens
Some utilities e. Iberdrola , automakers and consortia including auto industry stakeholders e. Ionity focus mostly on highway fast charging. Businesses are not only committing to increased EV uptake from a supply standpoint vehicle availability or charger deployment , but also from a demand angle by committing to add EVs to their vehicle fleets. Dynamic developments in policy implementation and technology advances underpin the projections to in the New Policies Scenario, which aims to illustrate the consequences of announced policy ambitions.
rikonn.biz/wp-content/2020-08-24/come-recuperare-sms-cancellati-da-iphone-7-plus-gratis.php Projections in the EV30 30 Scenario are underpinned by proactive participation of the private sector, promising technology advances and global engagement in EV policy support. The electric car targets announced by automobile manufacturers align closely with the stock projections in the New Policies Scenario in Notes: The cumulative sales shown in this figure are based on OEMs announcements on the number of EVs deployed in a target year and then extrapolating these values for the following years using a range of assumptions.
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The number of electric vehicles deployed by each OEM in its target year is calculated taking into account three possible inputs: i an absolute target value of EV sales given by an OEM; ii a target value expressed in terms of models deployed; or iii a targeted percentage of the OEM sales. Expansion of automotive battery manufacturing capacity will largely depend on the evolution of electrification in car markets.
This is due to the number of electric cars sold that far exceeds sales volumes of other modes except two-wheelers , and the size of their battery packs, which are much larger for cars than for two-wheelers. There is growing consensus that the electrification of cars will be a pivotal pillar to reduce unit cost of automotive battery packs.
Thanks to their instrumental role to facilitate the availability of energy storage at lower costs, EVs are also likely to be a crucial step for the transition to a cleaner energy system. Projected growth of EVs across all modes will impact growth in oil demand for road transport. In the New Policies Scenario, the projected global EV stock is estimated to avoid million tonnes of oil equivalent Mtoe around 2.
On the other hand, electricity demand to serve EVs is expected to experience significant growth. This is more than a ten-fold increase compared to levels 58 TWh and, altogether, it is equivalent to the combined final electricity consumption of France and Spain in Electricity demand projected in both scenarios suggests that EVs are going to be much more relevant for power systems than they have been in the past. With uncontrolled charging, EVs could drive incremental needs for peak power generation and transmission capacity.
Understanding the extent to which power systems can be impacted depends on total annual electricity demand EVs, the impact of daily charging patterns on load profiles, location power levels used for charging. This is beneficial to power system management, since slow charging comes with opportunities for EVs to provide flexibility services to power markets, provided that controlled EV charging is in place. As fast charging demand is highest for buses in both scenarios, concentrating these charging events at night when electricity demand is lower could help flatten the overall shape of a power demand curve.
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In the columns with results by type of charger, green and blue correspond to slow chargers; red, yellow and orange correspond to fast chargers. Fuel consumption in kilowatt-hours per kilometre : PLDVs 0. Annual mileage in km : PLDVs 8 km; LCVs 11 31 ; buses and minibuses 15 ; medium and heavy trucks 22 ; two-wheelers 4 Ranges indicate the variation across countries. Controlled EV charging is well suited to contribute to increased flexibility in power systems.
This feature has positive implications for the increasing contribution of variable renewable energy in a power generation mix and can also address grid stability issues. Features include:. Electricity markets should facilitate the provision of ancillary services such as grid balancing in which EVs are among the potential participants, and allow for the participation of small loads through aggregators. To participate in demand response in the electricity market, it is important to minimise the transaction costs including not only fees, but also other regulatory, administrative or contractual hurdles to make it easier for aggregators to pool small loads.